A great starting point for your activities

Whether you're looking for relaxation or adventure, Clifton Bridge Hotel in London is an ideal base for shopping and sightseeing trips in Central London. You'll also find all the peace and quiet you need to escape from the usual pressures of life in our extensive parkland.

 

The benefits of our location at a glance

Hotel frontage

History of the hotel

 

The hotel was built around 1790. Before that time, Marble Arch and the surrounding area was farmland. In the mid to late 1700s, London was growing northwards and construction began on the stately Georgian houses you can see today.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Selfridges on Oxford Street

Marylebone

 

Marylebone gets its name from a church called St Marys (now St. Marylebone Parish Church) which was built on the bank of a small stream or 'bourne' called Tyburn. The church and the surrounding area later became known as 'St Mary at the bourne' which, over time, became shortened to its present form.

 

Marylebone has been home to many famous people over the centuries : Charles Babbage, Elizabeth Garrett Anderson; literary figures such as Charles Dickens, H.G. Wells, Lord Byron, Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Edward Lear; politicians such as Tony Blair, Pitt the Elder and Sir Clement Freud; and figures from the world of entertainment and music such as Norman Wisdom, Barbara Windsor, Jimi Hendrix, Paul McCartney, John Lennon, Ringo Starr and Madonna.

 

 

The River Tyburn

 

The River Tyburn was a small northern tributary of the Thames. Its course ran from South Hampstead down through St Johns Wood into Regents Park, on through Marylebone and Mayfair, crossing Piccadilly and into Green Park. After crossing centrally through Green Park and passing Buckingham Palace it flowed into the main river at Pimlico near Vauxhall Bridge. The name Tyburn (or Tybourne) means two brooks. The River Tyburn is now completely enclosed and flows underground for its entire length.

 


Site of the gallows

The Tyburn Tree

 

The first recorded execution at this site took place in 1196 when Willam Fitz Osbern, the populist leader of the London tax riots, was hanged next to the stream. In 1571, the 'Tyburn Tree' was erected near the present day site of Marble Arch. The 'Tyburn Tree' was unusual in that it was a triangular gallows on three legs. Up to 24 people could be hanged at once, although this was a rare occurence! The Tyburn gallows were last used in 1783 when John Austin, a highwayman,  was hanged for robbery. After this date public executions took place at Newgate Prison. The site of the gallows is now marked by a plaque which is on an island in the middle of the road at the junction of Edgware Road and Bayswater Road.

 

 

 

Marble Arch

Marble Arch

 

John Nash designed the arch in 1828. It was originally erected on the Mall as a gateway to Buckingham Palace. But in 1851, during the building of the east front of the Palace, it was moved to its present location. A popular story says that it was moved because it was too narrow for the Queen's stage coach to pass through. this is inaccurate as the Gold State Coach passed through it during Queen Elizabeth II's coronation in 1953.

 

 

 

 

Hyde Park

Hyde Park

 

Hyde Park covers some 350 acres. The land was bought by Henry VIII and was a private hunting ground for royalty until James I permitted limited access. In 1637, Charles I opened the park to the general public. Since 1872, people have been allowed to speak at Speaker's Corner on any subject they want to.

 

 

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